Analysis of Russia’s new Firearm law

It’s only a first step. It adds “self defense” to existing reasons why someone can carry a gun. Most importantly, words do not mean much in Russia.

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Four new words in the law caused a flurry of messages on the legalization of carrying firearms and the use of it in self-defense.

Russia has adopted amendments to the Law “On the rules of turnover civilian and service weapons and ammunition in the territory of the Russian Federation.” According to the report, now a civilian weapon, including hunting, can be worn for self-defense.

The news caused a heated discussion and was seen as a first step towards legalizing civil “firearms”, but the Interior Ministry insists that the law is merely formalizes wearing traumatic pistols.

Prior to the amendment Act was: “Carrying weapons on the basis of issued internal affairs bodies of licenses or permits for the possession and carrying of specific types, types and models of weapons … the citizens of the Russian Federation – in hunting, sporting events, training and education firing. ”

That is until today the owners of licenses for weapons could use it exclusively in hunting or at the range. Today, however, it became known that in subparagraph “d” of the phrase “and in self-defense.” Added by the way, not immediately.
The amendments have been made ​​yet on November 8 but a postscript became known only after 10 days.

Four new words caused a flurry of messages on the legalization of carrying firearms and the use of it in self-defense.

Like, now everyone will receive the license is free to come with a gun on the streets of the city and its use in the case of threat to life.

The Interior Ministry, however, assured that the amendment was misunderstood, and it is not about guns, but only about a traumatic weapons, the use of which for the purpose of self-defense and so long permitted.

“The question in this paragraph is solely the decision of wearing a traumatic weapons, – explained in the police. – Previously, this right of the population in this law was not written. ”

According to the version of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, clarification was made in the “Rules” in order to avoid inconsistencies with other legislation.

Indeed, if we refer to paragraph 17 of the amendment, it becomes clear that the wording of paragraph 62 of the “Rules of turnover civilian and service weapons and ammunition in the territory of the Russian Federation” has changed. We are not talking about all kinds of firearms, but only of its “specific forms and types.”

However, words that permission to apply for self-defense concerns exclusively traumatic weapons, the amendment does not.

Moreover, the chairman of the NGO “gun rights” Maria Butin said that it is not just about “travmatiki.”

“According to my information, it is not just about” travmatiki “, but it is about guns – said Maria Butin.

– The only catch is that there is – it’s wearing. Here is the next problem. With the term “wearing” in general, there are very great difficulties. Therefore, probably under the “relation” in this case they mean wearing gun shrouded without cartridge in the chamber, as well as during transportation. But directly it is not specified anywhere. ”

Butin notes that, despite the ambiguity of the decision, it it still goes on all types of weapons.

“By itself, the document is illiterate. Nevertheless, we are talking about guns, it does not update on the “travmatiki” – sure Maria Butin.

In obscure amendment had to deal lawyers. Igor Trunov familiar with the scope of “weapon” legislation, said the amendment and does not change the status quo.

“All civil weapons, except hunting, is based on the goal of self-defense. These amendments do not change significantly – says Trounov. – Walk with a weapon, you can still only if you have the right to wear it while it still has to be specially equipped and hidden. The Criminal Code has not changed and remains the responsibility of higher than anywhere else in the world. Short arms to keep and bear no permit, no innovation in the protection of property, life and health also have occurred. Two of these key amendments do not address the issue.

Even if you have a hunting license, you can walk around with a gun only during the hunt, and in certain places with corresponding rigid constraints.

But in the case of self-defense at home, when suddenly the robbers broke in and were going to kill, we should then have to prove that it was self-defense and was not impermissibly measures. This is the imperfection of the criminal law and its amendments have not touched. ”

In general, experts and legislators (including those who are involved in “weapon” topics), found it difficult to explain what it is that changes in law enforcement, as amended.

So at this point it is not clear, whether the Russians wear hunting weapons for self-defense. However, given the abundance caused by resonance and interpretations in practice the new norm can turn numerous incidents with illegal possession of weapons.