But in south Ukraine there is a small village where some people still speak an old version of Swedish.

Not everyone, even in Sweden, are aware of its existence. But in south Ukraine there is a small village where some people still speak an old version of Swedish. Gammalsvenskby (Old Swedish village) is its name. Stockholm News paid a visit to the village in late June this summer.

ukraina-2009-172

http://www.stockholmnews.com/more.aspx?NID=4219

Since sometime during the 14th century, a Swedish population had lived on the island Hiiumaa (sw: Dagö ) in present day’s Estonia. In 1781, the Russian empress Catherine the Great decided that they had to be moved. With a combination of threats and promises, she made the population walk the long way (more then 1000 km) to the village Zmejevka north of the Black Sea.

Around thousand people started the march. Only half of them reached their goal, the rest perished from hunger, cold or diseases. On the arrival they learnt that the empty houses they had been promised were not empty at all. One year after arrival only 135 where still alive, but during the coming decades, their number started to grow again.

Over the years, the Swedish population kept their Swedish identity and their Swedish language. Since they were isolated from a linguistic point of view, their version of Swedish did not develop as in Sweden. They still speak rather similar to 18th century Swedish. Gammalsvenskby is therefore a goldmine for linguists.

1 Comment

  1. Beauregard

    Hillary and Donald Need American Exceptionalism 101. American
    exceptionalism doesn’t mean doing great stuff. It means having an
    entirely different system of government, one that trusts individuals
    to run their own affairs.

    http://thefederalist.com/2016/09/09/hillary-donald-need-american-exceptionalism-101/?utm_source=The+Federalist+List&utm_campaign=eefc6c5408-RSS_The_Federalist_Daily_Updates_w_Transom&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_cfcb868ceb-eefc6c5408-83813741

    Defining American Exceptionalism

    “Many people get American exceptionalism wrong flows from
    common usage of the word “exceptional” to mean “extraordinary”
    or “better than” instead of the word’s less frequent usage (at least
    these days) to mean “a departure from,” as in “an exception to.”

    The Founding Fathers of the United States studied several
    thousand years of human history, and realized humans typically
    derived rights and freedoms only at the pleasure or discretion
    of an authority that stood “above” them. That “authority” might
    be a monarchy or it might be a parliament or central government.
    That entity would decide, what the people were allowed to have,
    do, or keep.

    The Founding Fathers quite deliberately set about creating a
    society that was an exception to this.. Rights would not be
    granted by an outside entity and flow downward: Rights were
    instead innate and integral to every individual, granted by no
    less an authority than the Almighty. You did not have to wait
    to have rights flow down to you, they would flow up from you.
    You didn’t have to petition a king or a parliament for your rights.
    The only way anyone should be able to affect those in-built rights
    would be if you voluntarily decided to relinquish them, in part, to
    a mutually agreed-upon limited authority.

    That relinquishment should be done sparingly because attention
    to thousands of years of history taught them the excruciating
    inevitability of authority expanding until it extinguishes liberty
    and establishes tyranny. They discerned this to be the pattern
    as far back as the eye could see.

    “Central government must be limited, and strict attention paid
    to restrict its natural tendency to accumulate power. Failure to
    do so leads inevitably to a loss of those freedoms, piece by piece,
    almost without awareness that one is trading pieces of “liberty
    for a small amount of temporary security” until nothing of one’s
    freedoms remain.

    “We forget how revolutionary this was at the time, how exceptional,
    but therein lies the root of the term “American exceptionalism.”
    It’s not that America or Americans are “better” or more extraordinary.
    We are no different, better or worse, more or less capable or decent
    or flawed than anyone else. But the system under which we
    operate was a dramatic, revolutionary exception to the rule.
    Miraculously, human beings operating within that “exceptional”
    system have, somehow, been able to create more prosperity and
    more influence for good in the world (yes, with the imperfections)
    than any country in recorded history.

    —– // —-
    Understand that Marxism, Socialism, Progressivism are just the
    old system of control people, you!

    Reply

Leave a Reply